Kidney Stones – Symptoms, Causes, Types, and Treatment

India accounts for 12% of the global population suffering from kidney stones. Contributing factors include inadequate water intake and irregular lifestyle habits. The majority of cases are found in northern India, with a higher prevalence among males. Kidney stones, medically known as renal calculi or nephroliths, are solid mineral deposits that can lead to renal failure if untreated. Treatment varies based on the stone's type and size.